Read this article to know about the eight parts of speech list.
Parts of Speech
Following are the eight parts of speech.
A noun is the name of a person, a place or a thing. e.g. Shahrukh Khan, New Delhi, Lahore, Smartphone etc.
A noun has following types:
- Proper Noun
- Common Noun
- Collective Noun
- Material Noun
- Concrete Nouns
- Abstract Noun
- Compound Nouns
- Countable and Non-Countable Nouns
Mostly pronoun is considered as pro+noun. Thus it is part of speech that is used instead of a noun. e.g. He, she, it, they, we etc.
Following are the main types of Pronoun:
Personal Pronouns: I, we, you, they, he, she, it etc.
PossessivePronouns: mine, yours, his, hers, ours, theirs etc.
Relative Pronouns: what, which, where, when, who, whose, whom etc.
Reflexive Pronouns: myself, himself, herself, itself, yourself, oneself, themselves etc.
Interrogative Pronouns: who, what, why, where, when etc.
Demonstrative Pronouns: this, that, these, those.
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A verb is a part of speech that indicates thoughts and actions. They also indicate when the action happened and also describes the action. e.g. eat, run, sleeping, played etc.
Following are the two types of a verb:
Main Verbs: Further divided into Transitive and Intransitive.
Auxillary Verbs: Further divided into Primary and Modal.
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An adjective is a part of speech that adds to the meaning of a noun or pronoun by explaining, identifying or qualifying words. An adjective often precedes the noun/pronoun.’ e.g. good, bad, fast etc.
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An adverb is a part of speech that modifies the meaning of a verb, an adjective or another adverb. (Note that an adjective modifies noun/pronoun). e.g. very, well etc.
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A preposition is a part of speech that is placed before a noun or pronoun. It shows the relation of the person or things it is referring to, with something else. A pronoun is always followed by noun/pronoun and never by a verb. e.g. in, on, out, up, under etc.
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A conjunction is a word that joins words or sentences. It is also known as a joiner. e.g. and, or, because, whether etc.
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An interjection is a spoken word that expresses an emotion. It can also be defined a word used to express some sudden feeling of mind. An interjection is followed by the sign of exclamation (!).
An interjection has no grammatical link to the rest of the sentence. It simply expresses the emotion of speaker. e.g. Hurrah! Bravo! What! Hush! Listen! etc..