Summary of Umrao Jaan Ada by Mirza Muhammad Hadi Ruswa

Read this article to know about the summary of the novel Umrao Jaan Ada by Mirza Hadi Ruswa.

Also read: Mirza Mohammad Hadi Ruswa-Biography and Works

Also read: Narrative Technique of Mirza Hadi Ruswa in Umrao Jan Ada

Summary of Umrao Jaan Ada by Hadi Ruswa

Umrao jaan ada mirza hadi ruswa summary

Amiran (Umrao Jaan) was born in a noble family of Faizabad. She tells Ruswa about her childhood. A man namely Dilawar Khan  who was sent to jail because Amiran’s father testified against him in court.

In order to take revenge from him, Dilawar Khan kidnaps Amiran and takes her to Lucknow. On the way she feels as if he will kill her. She is imprisoned with another girl namely Ram Dai.

They are separated after they reach Lucknow. There Khanum Jaan buys her for 50 rupees, the head prostitutes of a kotha. First she doesn’t feel comfort there however gradually she gets used to her job as sex slave.

She is renamed Umrao and begins to examine classical track and dance. collectively with the other prostitutes and a young mischievous boy Gauhar Mirza, the illegitimate son of a nearby Nawab, she is taught to read and write in both Urdu and Persian.

As Umrao grows up, she is surrounded by using a culture of luxurious, track and poetry. She finally profits her first customer, (earning her the suffix of jaan). Though a number of her customers like her but she likes Gauhar Mizra though he used to tease her.

Umrao Jaan as a prostitute attracts the good-looking and rich Nawab Sultan who gradually falls in love with her because of her sweet voice and profound poetry.

However a jealous customer of Umrao Jaan namely Zabardast Khan in order to get her, fights with Nawab Sultan. Nawab Sultan shoots Zabardast Khan and the latter dies.

Nawab Sultan stops coming to the kotha and Umrao Jaan being in love with him meets him secretly, by means of the assist of Gauhar Mirza. As Umrao Jaan continues to look Nawab Sultan and also serve other customers, she helps Gauhar Mirza financially as he is poor.

A new customer namely he mysterious Faiz Ali, showers Umrao Jaan with precious ornaments and jewels of gold. However he asks her not to expose to anybody about the riches he gave to her.

Being devoured to her he invites her to Farrukhabad. When Umrao seeks the permission for visiting Farrukhabad Khanum Jaan refuses. As a result Umrao Jaan runs away.

While on the journey to Farrukhabad, they are attacked by dacoits and Umrao Jaan comes to know that Faiz is not a gentleman but dacoit and all of his items have been nothing but stolen goods.

Faiz Ali escapes with his brother Fazal Ali and Umrao is imprisoned. However fortunately one of the tawaif from Khanum Jaan’s kotha is who is in the service of the Raja succeeds in freeing Umrao.

Also read: Dastanbuy- A Diary of Indian Revolt of 1857 by Ghalib

Also read: Summary of Hayavadana by Girish Karnad

As soon as she she is liberated from the Raja’s court, Faiz Ali comes to her and requests her to come with him. He is quickly captured and arrested and Umrao Jaan, unwilling to go back to Khanum Jaan, goes to Kanpur and starts working as tawaif there.

While she is living with a kind lady namely Begum Fazal Ali along with his compatriots try to rob the house. However on finding Umrao Jaan there they leave at once. Gauhar Mirza visits Kanpur and requests Umrao to return to Lucknow. She agrees and along with Gauhar goes to kith of Khanum Jaan.

Umrao Jaan starts performing at the court of Wajid Ali Shah. However the capture of Lucknow by British during the revolt forces her to escape the town for Faizabad, her home town.

There she see meets her mother, but her brother who considers her a disgrace and believes she would be better off dead threatens her to leave at once.

Devastated and deeply grieved, Umrao Jaan returns to Lucknow. The mutiny is over and she finds whole town in ruins. She meets the Begum from Kanpur once more in Lucknow and discovers that she is in reality Ram Dai, her old friend.

Through a peculiar twist of destiny Ram Dai was bought by the mother of Nawab Sultan and she married her son (Nawab Sultan).Dilawar Khan is arrested and hanged for involving in robbery and thus Umrao feels quite relief.

With her profits that she earned as a prostitute and the gold that Faiz Ali gave her, she succeeds in living a comfortable and luxurious life and finally gives up her career as a prostitute.

Recommended Book

umrao jaan ada

Buy now (Rs. 107/-)

Also read: Ghalib’s Views on Religion and God

Also read: Role of Women in Kanthapura by Raja Rao

You may also like...

Close