Renaissance Drama (Before Shakespeare)
- University Wits: Christopher Marlowe, Robert Greene, George peel, Thomas Nashe and Thomas Lodge. The generation was educated at Oxford And Cambridge Universities.
- They used the poetry to-
> make theatre
> breath life into dead classical models.
> bring a new audience to the issues and conflicts which the stage could dramatise.
- Marlowe has been described as a sexual political thinker.
- He wrote one of the renowned work Dr. Faustus.(…buy now for 95/- only)
- During the age, comedy and tragedy were the two main types of drama.
- Both these genres were derived from Latin sources
- Comedy: from the works of Terene and Plautus.
- Tragedy: from the Seneca.
- First comedy: Ralph Roister Doister by Nicholas Udall (1552).
- First tragedy: Gorboduc by Thomas Norton and Thomas Sackville.
- Gorboduc replaced the awkward distancing of characters speaking in rhymed verse with blank verse that became standard form of Elizabethan and Jacobean drama.
- Interludes, morality plays and mystery plays contributed to the development of Renaissance drama.
- The Four PP by John Haywood was link between later medieval morality plays and 16th century theatre.
- Fixed theatres were established in London which were open to the sky.
- Day time performances started taking place.
- Thrust stage was pushed out into the audience who stood around it on three sides.
- Development of theatre paved way for the growth of an acting culture.
- Around 12000 new words were introduced in the English language from more than 50 languages.
- Inkhorn Controversy came into existence- Some writers believed that Greek and Latin words were better than the English words while some other some others like John Cheke felt that such words were not a natural part of English.