Mirza Muhammad Hadi Ruswa is one of the well-known Urdu writers. The
novel Umrao Jan Ada was written by him with the purpose of bringing into the light the problems and odds faced by the society of 19th century Lucknow, particularly, the problems faced by the women and how they were forced to become whores.
Ruswa’s intention is to portray a detailed picture of the society of 19th century Lucknow. The most important is that it gives a whole image of the people, poetry, music, culture and wide variety of social manners of the society. In a way Realism dominates his novels.