Metaphysical Poets

Read this article to know about the in-depth analysis of Metaphysical Poets of Jacobean Era.

Also read: Features of Jacobean Poetry

Introduction

Metaphysical Poets

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  • As opposed to theatre, poetry of this era was personal and private.
  • John Donne and George Herbert were the most significant of all the metaphysical poets.
  • The term ‘Metaphysical’ was termed by 18th century critic Samuel Johnson.
  • Metaphysical poets were highly regarded in 20th century British poetry and criticism after three centuries of neglect and disdain.
  • Their conceits, metaphors and images, paradoxes and intellectual complexity makes the poem a constant challenge to read.
  • There lies conflict between sensuality and pleasure and the presence of profoundly religious concerns and experiences in their works.
  • T. S. Eliot recovered most of the works of Donne and Herbert.

The Metaphysical Poets

☞ John Donne and George Herbert

  • They were experimenters both in poetic form and subject matter they used.
  • They were innovators in linguistic directness of expression.
  • They reflect the desire to expand the human horizons in their poetry.
  • To challenge his position in relation to the society, to his self-perceptions and to love and religion, is the feature of Donne’s poetry.
  • On the other hand, Herbert’s works are filled with doubt or praise towards the God.

☞ Henry Vaughan 

  • He considered himself as a covert to Herbert.
  • His works present a world of innocence bordering on the mystical that resembles the themes of Romantics.
  • There exist a taste of countryside in his works.
  • He wrote love poems, secular poems as well as devotional poems.
  • Silex Scintillans (1650) is the first major volume of his poems.

☞ Thomas Carew

  • He wrote lyrics and songs with cynical tone.
  • He is first noted for an elegy to John Donne.
  • His best known masque (1630) is Coelum Britannicum.
  • His poems written in his last years are erotic, satirical and express passion vividly.
  • e.g. Mediocrity an Love Rejected.

☞ Thomas Treherne 

  • He wrote most joyful poetry in the 17th century.
  • He is often compared to Walt Whitman for his unconventional and exuberant verse forms.
  • His work Roman Forgeries documented the falsification of Church documents by the Roman Church during 9th century.
  • He gave original depiction of childhood experiences and a desire to return to the young age.
  • He explores the infinite possibilities of human mind and spirit and finds God within human; ‘life : life is all’.

☞ Richard Crashaw 

  • After converting to Catholicism, he fled from his country.
  • He wrote religious poetry.
  • His main themes are- ecstasy martyrdom .
  • His secular poems hold the themes of love and quest for “that not impossible she.”
  • His most important works are Steps to the Temple and Carmen Deo Nostro

☞ Andrew Marwell

  • His poems range from political to passionate.
  • He is accused of being time-server.
  • His poem To His Coy Mistress  brings together Renaissance themes of love and transience and images of time passing.

Also read: Features of Metaphysical Poetry

Athar

Student of English Literature, Blogger by profession, Explorer by passion, Creative by mind...

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